After nearly two years of shuttered venues and the sector being in a holding pattern, a growing number of new buildings are coming online. From Swansea to Seattle, Milan to Hong Kong, the touring map will get wider over the next few years, driving new experiences and growing audiences worldwide. So just what does it take to commit to these huge projects, and how do both sustainability and technology factor into the planning process? There is also the question of refurbishment versus fresh builds as session host Stephanie Bax (CAA Icon) asks what’s possible in existing spaces. With investment in the bricks-and-mortar side of the live music business reaching record levels, leading venue operators step up to discuss the arenas and big buildings of the future.